What Does Gynecologist Do?

What Does Gynecologist Do?

When it comes to women's health, there is a vital healthcare professional who plays a significant role in ensuring overall well-being—the gynecologist. But what exactly is a gynecologist, and what does their job entail? In this article, we will delve into the world of gynecology and understand the crucial role these specialists play in women's lives.

Table of Content

Defining a Gynecologist

A gynecologist is a medical doctor who specializes in women's reproductive health, with a primary focus on the female reproductive system. These healthcare professionals play a crucial role in ensuring the overall well-being of women by addressing various aspects of their reproductive and sexual health.

The scope of a gynecologist's practice is comprehensive, encompassing the examination, diagnosis, and treatment of a wide range of conditions related to the female reproductive organs. These organs include the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, vagina, and breasts.

The Path to Becoming a Gynecologist

Becoming a gynecologist is a rewarding and challenging journey that requires dedication, extensive education, and specialized training. These medical professionals play a crucial role in women's health, and the path to becoming a gynecologist is as follows:

1. Undergraduate Education: The first step towards becoming a gynecologist is completing a bachelor's degree in a relevant field, typically in pre-medicine or a science-related discipline. Aspiring gynecologists focus on courses such as biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics during their undergraduate studies.

2. Medical School: After obtaining a bachelor's degree, aspiring gynecologists must attend medical school. This involves completing a Doctor of Medicine (MD) or a Doctor of Osteopathic Medicine (DO) program. Medical school typically lasts for four years and provides a comprehensive education in various medical disciplines.

3. Residency Training: Following medical school, individuals interested in gynecology must undergo specialized training in the form of a residency program. Gynecology residency programs usually span four years and focus on women's reproductive health and gynecological conditions. During this period, residents gain practical experience by working in hospitals and clinics under the guidance of experienced gynecologists.

4. Obtaining Licensure: Upon completion of their residency, individuals must obtain a medical license to practice as a gynecologist legally. Licensure requirements vary by location and typically involve passing a standardized medical licensing exam.

5. Board Certification: While not mandatory, many gynecologists choose to pursue board certification to demonstrate their expertise in the field. Board certification is obtained by passing a specialized exam conducted by a relevant medical board, such as the American Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (ABOG).

6. Fellowship (Optional): Some gynecologists opt to further sub-specialize by pursuing a fellowship in areas such as reproductive endocrinology, gynecologic oncology, or maternal-fetal medicine. Fellowships provide additional training and expertise in highly specialized areas of gynecology.

7. Continuing Medical Education: Throughout their careers, gynecologists participate in continuing medical education (CME) programs to stay updated on the latest advancements in women's health and gynecological treatments. CME activities ensure that gynecologists provide the best possible care to their patients based on current medical knowledge.

8. Building Professional Experience: As newly certified gynecologists gain experience, they can choose to work in various settings, such as hospitals, private practices, academic institutions, or research facilities. Building a diverse and enriching professional experience helps gynecologists refine their skills and stay abreast of emerging medical practices.

By following this comprehensive path, individuals can become qualified gynecologists equipped with the knowledge and expertise to provide essential care to women and promote their reproductive health and overall well-being.

What Does Gynecologist do?

The scope of practice of a gynecologist is extensive and revolves around providing specialized care for women's reproductive health and well-being. These healthcare professionals are dedicated to addressing a wide range of issues related to the female reproductive system, ensuring that women receive comprehensive medical attention throughout various stages of life. Here's an overview of the scope of practice of a gynecologist:

1. Routine Check-ups and Preventive Care: Gynecologists encourage women to undergo routine check-ups to monitor their reproductive health proactively. Regular visits to the gynecologist enable early detection of potential health issues, ensuring timely intervention and treatment when necessary. During these check-ups, gynecologists perform pelvic exams, Pap smears, and breast examinations to assess overall reproductive health.

2. Diagnosis and Treatment of Gynecological Conditions: A significant aspect of a gynecologist's practice involves diagnosing and treating various gynecological conditions. These may include menstrual irregularities, pelvic pain, urinary incontinence, vaginal infections, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Gynecologists utilize their expertise and medical knowledge to provide appropriate treatment plans tailored to each patient's unique needs.

3. Family Planning and Contraception: Gynecologists play a crucial role in family planning by offering information and guidance on various contraceptive methods. They discuss the benefits and potential side effects of different birth control options, empowering women to make informed decisions about their reproductive choices.

4. Pregnancy Care and Prenatal Visits: During pregnancy, gynecologists provide comprehensive care to ensure the health and well-being of both the expectant mother and the developing baby. Prenatal visits allow gynecologists to monitor the progress of the pregnancy, identify potential risks, and address any concerns that may arise.

5. Fertility Assessment and Treatment: For women experiencing difficulties with conception, gynecologists offer fertility assessments and treatments. They investigate potential causes of infertility and recommend suitable interventions to enhance the chances of successful pregnancy.

6. Menopause Management: Gynecologists provide support and care for women experiencing menopause—a natural phase marking the end of reproductive years. During this time, hormonal changes can lead to various physical and emotional challenges. Gynecologists offer guidance and treatment options to help women manage menopause effectively.

7. Gynecological Surgeries: Gynecologists are trained to perform various gynecological surgeries when non-invasive treatments are insufficient. These may include procedures to address conditions such as uterine fibroids, ovarian cysts, endometriosis, and gynecological cancers.

8. Sexual Health and Wellness: Gynecologists create a safe and confidential space for discussing sexual health concerns. They provide education and support, addressing issues related to sexual activity, intimacy, and overall sexual well-being.

9. Collaboration with Other Specialists: Gynecologists often collaborate with other healthcare professionals, including obstetricians, oncologists, and urologists, to provide comprehensive care for their patients. This interdisciplinary approach ensures holistic and patient-centered treatment.

In essence, gynecologists are dedicated healthcare providers specializing in women's reproductive health. Their scope of practice encompasses a wide range of services, aiming to empower women to take charge of their reproductive well-being and lead healthy, fulfilling lives.

Best Gynecologist Near Me
Finding the best gynecologist is crucial for women's health and well-being. Whether you're facing reproductive health issues, planning a pregnancy, or need routine check-ups, having a reliable gynecologist by your side is essential. This article aims to guide you through the process of finding the best gynecologist near me, ensuring you receive the highest quality care.

1. Dr Alka Sinha

Dr. Alka Sinha, an esteemed Senior Consultant Gynecologist and Laparoscopic Surgeon at BLK Super Speciality Hospital in New Delhi. Dr. Sinha is highly regarded for her expertise in laparoscopic gynaecological surgery and has made significant contributions to the field through her numerous publications and papers.

With an impressive portfolio, Dr. Sinha has authored over 15 books, articles, and publications on various aspects of gynaecology, hysteroscopy, and laparoscopy. Her specialized skills encompass laparoscopy, hysteroscopy, minimally invasive surgery, and other surgical gynaecological treatments.

Dr. Sinha's academic journey is equally remarkable. She obtained her MBBS degree from Patna Medical College in 1995. She later pursued her MD in Obstetrics & Gynaecology from the prestigious All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, completing it in 1999. Subsequently, in 2000, she earned her DNB in Obstetrics & Gynecology from the National Board of Examination.

With such extensive qualifications and a wealth of experience, Dr. Alka Sinha continues to make invaluable contributions to the field of gynaecology, providing exemplary care and advancing the realm of laparoscopic surgery.

2. Dr Saloni Arora

Dr. Saloni Arora, a skilled Gynecologist and Obstetrician, boasts an impressive 13 years of expertise in these specialized fields. Over the years, she has contributed her knowledge and skills to esteemed medical institutions such as BLK-Max Super Speciality Hospital in Pusa Road and Apollo Cradle & Children's Hospital in Moti Nagar, Delhi.

Dr. Arora's commitment to staying at the forefront of her profession is evident through her memberships in various prestigious medical societies. She is a Life Member of the Society of Fetal Medicine and holds membership with the Fetal Medicine Foundation (UK), the Society of Fetal Medicine India, and the Royal College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.

Her extensive range of services includes performing gynecologic laparoscopy, providing specialized treatment for complicated pregnancies, addressing various gynecological problems, offering fertility solutions, and managing obstetric concerns, among others.

With her broad expertise and dedication to women's health, Dr. Saloni Arora continues to be a trusted and sought-after medical professional, ensuring the well-being of her patients through comprehensive and compassionate care.

3. Dr. Anuradha Dakour

Dr Anuradha Khurana, a highly esteemed gynecologist and obstetrician based in Delhi. Over the course of 13 years, she has dedicated herself to providing exceptional healthcare to her patients. Constantly striving for excellence, she remains up-to-date with the latest advancements in healthcare technology to ensure her patients receive the finest care and service available.

Currently, you can find Doctor Anuradha Khurana practicing at the renowned Motherhood clinic in Delhi. Her extensive range of services includes administering HPV vaccinations, offering treatments for menstrual and menopausal concerns, conducting deliveries and caesarean sections, as well as providing various other specialized treatments. Moreover, she possesses expertise in addressing female sexual problems and performing gynae and gynecological laparoscopic procedures.

Let's delve into her impressive educational background: she completed her MBBS at MLB Medical College in Jhansi in 2004 and subsequently pursued a Diploma in Gynecology and Obstetrics from Dr. B. R. Ambedkar University in 2007.

With her wealth of experience and dedication to staying at the forefront of medical advancements, Doctor Anuradha Khurana continues to make a positive impact on the lives of her patients, ensuring they receive the best possible care throughout their healthcare journey.

4. Dr Poonam Khera

Dr. Poonam Khera, an accomplished gynecologist practicing in Delhi with an impressive 26 years of experience in the medical field. Currently, she serves at two esteemed institutions: BLK-Max Super Specialty Hospital located in Pusa Road and Tirath Ram Shah Hospital in Civil Lines, Delhi.

Dr. Poonam's educational background is noteworthy, having completed her DGO from Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak in 1986, followed by DNB (Obstetrics & Gynecology) from DNB Board, New Delhi in 1997, and her MBBS from Maharshi Dayanand University, Rohtak in 1981.

As a dedicated member of both the Association of Obstetricians & Gynaecologists of Delhi (AOGD) and (NARCHI), Dr. Poonam Khera is committed to providing comprehensive care to her patients. Some of the specialized services she offers include pregnancy exercise guidance, management of diseases during pregnancy, prenatal checkups, and expert solutions for female sexual problems.

With her vast experience, unwavering dedication, and compassionate approach, Dr. Poonam Khera continues to make a positive impact on the lives of her patients, ensuring their well-being throughout their healthcare journey.

5. Dr. Manju Gupta

Dr. Manju Gupta, a highly experienced medical professional with over 15 years of expertise in the fields of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Currently, she serves as a Senior Consultant in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Motherhood Hospital in Sector 48, Noida.

Dr. Manju Gupta's academic journey began at the prestigious Maulana Azad Medical College, where she earned her undergraduate degree. She further pursued her post-graduate studies at VMMC (Vardhman Mahavir Medical College) to deepen her knowledge in the field. To enhance her skills, she completed a fellowship in laparoscopic and hysteroscopy at Max Saket Hospital.

With a special focus on fetal medicine and managing high-risk pregnancies, Dr. Manju Gupta possesses extensive expertise in providing specialized care for expectant mothers. Her proficiency extends to performing laparoscopic and hysteroscopic gynecological procedures with precision and skill.

Additionally, Dr. Manju Gupta holds significant experience in the realm of reproductive medicine and handling cases related to infertility. Her dedication to her patients' well-being and her wealth of knowledge make her a trusted and sought-after medical professional in her field.

6. Dr Seema Theraja

Dr. Seema Theraja is a distinguished obstetrician and gynecologist with a rich educational background. She completed both her undergraduate and graduate degrees at Lady Harding Medical College. With over 20 years of experience, Dr. Seema Theraja currently practices at Apollo Cradle and Shradha ENT & Gynae Clinic, located in New Delhi (Motinagar).

Throughout her illustrious career, Dr. Seema Theraja has successfully conducted numerous deliveries and performed common gynecological operations. Her vast experience has made her an expert in handling various obstetric and gynecological cases. She specializes in a wide range of services, including preventative healthcare, prenatal care, routine pregnancy management, and the care of both normal and high-risk pregnancies.

Dr. Seema Theraja's proficiency extends to performing laparoscopic operations, providing patients with minimally invasive treatment options. Additionally, she is well-versed in addressing diverse gynecological issues with utmost care and professionalism.

7. Dr Prof Sadhana Kala

Dr. (Prof) Sadhana Kala, a highly accomplished medical professional with an impressive list of qualifications. She holds degrees including MS (Master of Surgery), FIAMS (Fellow of the Indian Academy of Medical Sciences), FACS (Fellow of the American College of Surgeons, USA), FICOG (Fellow of the Indian College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists), and MAAGL (Minimally Invasive Gynecologic Surgeons, USA) in Laparoscopic and Robotic Surgery.

Dr. Sadhana Kala currently holds the esteemed position of Chief Emeritus at Moolchand Medical City in Lajpat Nagar, New Delhi, showcasing her outstanding contributions in the medical field. Additionally, she serves as a Senior Consultant Gynecologist, Laparoscopic Surgeon, Infertility Specialist, and Pregnancy Specialist at Apollo Cradle Royale Hospital, further exemplifying her dedication to providing comprehensive and specialized care to her patients.

With her extensive expertise and qualifications, Dr. Sadhana Kala stands as a prominent figure in the medical community. Her commitment to women's health and her proficiency in laparoscopic and robotic surgery make her a trusted and sought-after medical professional in New Delhi.

8. Dr Sanjida Yasmin

Dr. Sanjida Yasmin, a skilled Gynecologist and Obstetrician with 13 years of invaluable expertise in the field of Obs and Gyne. Her journey in obstetrics and gynaecology began with postgraduate studies at Guwahati Medical College, where she honed her knowledge and skills.

Continuing her pursuit of excellence, Dr. Sanjida worked as a DNB trainee at New Delhi's renowned Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, where she earned the prestigious Diplomate of National Board of Examinations under the health ministry in 2011. Her dedication to the field led her to join AIIMS's High Risk Obstetrics and Fetal Medicine Department, broadening her expertise in handling complex pregnancies.

Further enriching her experience, she completed three years of senior residency at VMMC and Safdarjung Hospital in New Delhi, gaining both clinical acumen and teaching experience. Additionally, she received specialized training in gynecologic endoscopy from AIIMS, becoming proficient in advanced surgical techniques.

Dr. Sanjida Yasmin's diverse skill set allows her to excel in various aspects of women's health. She specializes in managing and delivering high-risk pregnancies, providing comprehensive infertility treatments, addressing gynaecological issues, and performing gynaecological surgeries, including gynecological endoscopic procedures. Furthermore, she is well-versed in teenage gynaecology and is adept at managing menopause-related concerns.

With her extensive knowledge, compassionate approach, and dedication to her patients' well-being, Dr. Sanjida Yasmin continues to be a trusted and respected figure in the realm of women's healthcare.

9. Dr Gurmeet Bansal

Dr. Gurmeet is a highly qualified medical professional who completed her post-graduate training in obstetrics and gynaecology at IGMC (Indira Gandhi Medical College). Additionally, she achieved her DNB (Diplomate of National Board) in Gyne & Obs in 1990, amassing over 25 years of valuable experience after obtaining her MD degree.

Her dedication to women's health extends beyond clinical practice, as she is actively involved in research, particularly in the fields of high-risk pregnancy and infertility. Dr. Gurmeet's expertise and knowledge contribute to advancing medical understanding in these critical areas.

What sets her apart is her unwavering commitment to her patients' well-being, as evidenced by her accessibility around-the-clock. Dr. Gurmeet's compassionate nature and excellent interpersonal skills make her a favored choice among surrogate mothers, fostering a positive and supportive environment during the surrogacy process.

With her extensive experience and genuine care for her patients, Dr. Gurmeet continues to make a significant impact in the field of obstetrics and gynaecology, ensuring the health and happiness of her patients and their families.

10. Dr. Shakuntla Kumar

Dr. Shakuntla, a highly accomplished medical professional who holds the esteemed position of Director at Nulife Maternity Center and serves as a senior gynecologist at Fortis Hospitals. With an impressive track record, she has successfully completed over 5000 surgeries, showcasing her exceptional surgical skills and expertise.

For the past 25 years, Dr. Shakuntla has been dedicatedly practicing in Kingsway Camp, where she has earned a stellar reputation as one of Delhi's finest gynecologists. Her journey in the medical field began with her training in Obstetrics and Gynecology at Safdarjung Hospital after graduating from the prestigious Maulana Azad Medical College.

Not content with just her domestic training, Dr. Shakuntla ventured to Kiel, Germany, where she obtained her Diploma in Endoscopy, an accolade highly revered in the realm of endoscopic procedures, often referred to as the "holy grail" of endoscopy.

Dr. Shakuntla's dedication to the advancement of medical knowledge is evident through her active involvement in academic pursuits. She has spoken at more than 150 continuing education seminars and CME (Continuing Medical Education) events, sharing her expertise and contributing to the professional development of her peers.

With her extensive experience, exceptional skill set, and commitment to medical excellence, Dr. Shakuntla continues to be a leading figure in the field of gynecology, positively impacting the lives of her patients and inspiring admiration among her colleagues.


In conclusion, gynecologists are essential healthcare professionals specializing in women's reproductive health. From routine check-ups and preventive care to diagnosing and treating gynecological conditions, their expertise is invaluable. Regular visits to the gynecologist ensure that women can lead healthy and fulfilling lives with confidence in their reproductive health.


Q: At what age should women start visiting a gynecologist?

A: Women should start visiting a gynecologist around the age of 21 or when they become sexually active, whichever comes first.

Q: Are gynecological exams painful?

A: Gynecological exams may cause mild discomfort, but they are typically not painful. Gynecologists are trained to ensure patients' comfort during these exams.

Q: Can a gynecologist help with family planning for women who do not want children?

A: Yes, gynecologists can provide information and guidance on various contraceptive methods, including options for women who do not wish to have children.

Q: How often should women have a Pap smear?

A: The frequency of Pap smears depends on various factors, including age and medical history. Typically, it is recommended to have a Pap smear every three years for women aged 21 to 65.

Q: Are gynecologists only for women's reproductive health?

A: While gynecologists specialize in women's reproductive health, they may also address certain urinary and pelvic issues that both men and women experience. However, their primary focus is on women's health.

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About Author

Dr. Nisha Sharma

Studied at Red Roses Sr. Sec. School, D-Block, Arya Samaj Mandir; she has established herself into a renowned personality. She received her degrees (both BDS and MDS) in dentistry. She received her fellowship at the Pierre Fauchard Academy (FPFA). She has also received her certifications for full mouth rehabilitation and cosmetic dentistry. Currently, she practices her medicine of dentistry at Dr. Chopra Dental Clinic in Ramesh Nagar, Delhi.

Comments ( 1)

  • Mansi

    Thanks for the valuable information.

    2023-01-05 00:00:00

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