Melasma Treatment in Delhi

Melasma Treatment in Delhi

Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by dark, discolored patches on the skin, typically on the face. Although it's not a medically serious condition, it can have a significant impact on a person's self-esteem and quality of life. Melasma treatment aims to reduce or eliminate these pigmented patches, restoring a more even skin tone. In this blog, we will delve into the various aspects of melasma treatment, including procedures, benefits, side effects, causes, risks, and costs, with a specific focus on the situation in Delhi.

Table of Contents

  1. What is Melasma?
  2. Causes of Melasma
  3. Treatment Options
  4. Procedure Details
  5. Benefits of Melasma Treatment
  6. Side Effects and Risks
  7. Cost of Melasma Treatment in Delhi
  8. Considerations and Precautions
  9. Frequently Asked Questions (Melasma Treatment)

What is Melasma?

Melasma presents as symmetrically distributed, brown or grayish-brown patches on areas exposed to the sun, such as the face, cheeks, forehead, and upper lip. There exist three primary types of melasma:

  • Epidermal Melasma
  • Dermal Melasma
  • Mixed Melasma

The exact cause of melasma is not fully understood, but it's believed to be a combination of genetic predisposition, hormonal fluctuations (like pregnancy or birth control use), and sun exposure.

Causes of Melasma

Melasma is believed to be the result of a combination of factors, including hormonal changes, genetics, and sun exposure. Hormonal fluctuations, such as those occurring during pregnancy, birth control pill usage, or hormonal therapy, can trigger melasma. Sun exposure is a significant contributing factor, as ultraviolet (UV) rays stimulate the melanocytes, the cells responsible for producing melanin, the pigment that gives color to the skin. When these melanocytes become overactive, they produce more melanin, leading to the formation of dark patches.

Treatment Options

Several treatment options are available to address melasma, ranging from topical treatments to more advanced procedures.
Topical Treatments: These include creams containing ingredients like hydroquinone, kojic acid, azelaic acid, and corticosteroids. They work by inhibiting melanin production and reducing pigmentation.
Chemical Peels: Chemical peels involve the application of a chemical solution to exfoliate the outer layer of the skin, promoting the growth of new, less pigmented skin.
Microdermabrasion: This procedure involves gently exfoliating the top layer of the skin using fine crystals or a diamond-tipped wand to improve texture and pigmentation.
Laser Therapy: Laser treatment uses focused light energy to target and break down melanin in the affected areas. This prompts the body's natural healing processes to replace the treated skin with healthier tissue.
Intense Pulsed Light (IPL) Therapy: IPL utilizes multiple wavelengths of light to target melanin and stimulate collagen production. It's effective for treating both surface and deeper pigmentation.

Procedure Details

Topical Treatments: These are applied directly to the skin as instructed by a dermatologist. Results become noticeable over weeks to months.
Chemical Peels: A chemical solution is applied to the face, causing the skin to peel and regenerate. Mild peels may require no downtime, while deeper peels might need a few days of recovery.
Microdermabrasion: A handheld device is used to exfoliate the skin gently. For the best outcomes, it is advised to undergo several sessions.
Laser Therapy: Depending on the type of laser used, the treatment can be non-ablative (minimal downtime) or ablative (more intense with longer recovery).
IPL Therapy: A series of IPL sessions are usually recommended to achieve the desired results. There might be mild discomfort during the procedure.

Benefits of Melasma Treatment

Effective melasma treatment can offer several benefits:         
Improved Self-Esteem: Melasma can significantly impact self-confidence. Successful treatment can lead to improved self-esteem and a better quality of life.
Enhanced Skin Tone: Treatment options like chemical peels and laser therapy can result in more even skin tone and texture.
Reduced Pigmentation: Topical treatments and procedures can help reduce the appearance of dark patches, making the skin look clearer and more uniform.
Youthful Appearance: Procedures like microneedling and laser therapy stimulate collagen production, which can result in smoother, younger-looking skin.

Side Effects and Risks

Common Side Effects: Temporary redness, swelling, itching, and dryness are common after treatments.
Rare but Possible Risks: Hyperpigmentation, hypopigmentation, scarring, and infection are rare but potential complications.
Importance of Professional Guidance: Proper assessment and personalized treatment plans by dermatologists minimize risks.

Cost of Melasma Treatment in Delhi

Factors Influencing Cost: Type of treatment, severity of melasma, location of the clinic, and the expertise of the practitioner.
Average Price Range: Topical treatments: ₹500 - ₹2000/session. Chemical peels: ₹1500 - ₹5000/session. Laser and IPL therapy: ₹3000 - ₹15000/session.
Cost-effectiveness Comparison: While topical treatments are more affordable, advanced procedures might offer quicker and more significant results.

Considerations and Precautions

Skin Type and Sensitivity: Different treatments suit different skin types. Consultation with a dermatologist is essential.
Sun Protection: Consistent use of sunscreen (SPF 30 or higher) is crucial to prevent melasma from worsening.
Combination Treatments: Dermatologists might recommend combining different treatments for enhanced results.


Melasma can be distressing, but with a variety of treatment options available, individuals can achieve a more even skin tone and improved self-confidence. Consulting with a qualified dermatologist, understanding the risks and benefits of each procedure, and adhering to recommended aftercare can lead to successful outcomes. Remember, no single treatment fits all, so individualized plans are crucial for managing melasma effectively.
In Delhi, the cost of melasma treatment varies, making it accessible to a wide range of individuals. Whatever treatment option is chosen, the end goal is the same: to help people feel better about their skin and themselves. If you're considering melasma treatment, take the first step by consulting a dermatologist to find the most suitable approach for your skin type and condition.

Frequently Asked Questions (Melasma Treatment)

Q: What is melasma?
Melasma is a common skin condition characterized by brown or grayish-brown patches on the face, usually on the cheeks, forehead, and upper lip. It is commonly triggered by changes in hormonal levels and exposure to sunlight.

Q: How do chemical peels work for melasma?
Chemical peels involve applying a chemical solution to exfoliate the top layer of the skin, leading to the growth of new skin cells with improved pigmentation. They help reduce the appearance of melasma.

Q: What is microdermabrasion and how does it help melasma?
Microdermabrasion is a procedure that exfoliates the outer layer of the skin using fine crystals or a diamond-tipped wand. It helps improve skin texture and pigmentation, making melasma patches less noticeable.

Q: Can lasers treat melasma?
Yes, laser therapy can be effective in treating melasma. Laser treatments target melanin in the affected areas, breaking it down and prompting the skin's natural healing process to replace it with healthier tissue.

Q: How does intense pulsed light (IPL) therapy work for melasma?
IPL therapy uses multiple wavelengths of light to target melanin and stimulate collagen production. This can help reduce pigmentation and improve the overall appearance of melasma.

Q: Are there any side effects of melasma treatment?
Common side effects include temporary redness, swelling, itching, and dryness. More severe side effects such as hyperpigmentation, hypopigmentation, scarring, and infection are rare but possible.

Q: How can I prevent melasma from worsening?
Sun protection is crucial in preventing melasma from worsening. Regularly applying a broad-spectrum sunscreen with at least SPF 30 and wearing protective clothing and hats when outdoors can help.

Q: What is the cost of melasma treatment in Delhi?
The cost of melasma treatment in Delhi varies based on the type of treatment, the clinic's location, the severity of melasma, and the expertise of the practitioner. Topical treatments can range from ₹500 to ₹2000/session, while more advanced procedures like laser therapy and IPL may range from ₹3000 to ₹15000/session.

Q: Can I expect complete removal of melasma?
While melasma treatment can significantly lighten the patches and improve the skin's appearance, complete removal may not always be possible. Individual results vary, and maintenance may be required to sustain the improvements.

Q: When should I consult a dermatologist for melasma treatment?
If you notice dark patches on your skin that resemble melasma or if you're concerned about your skin's appearance, it's advisable to consult a dermatologist. A professional can assess your condition, recommend suitable treatments, and guide you through the process.

Q: Is it safe to buy over-the-counter products for melasma?
Over-the-counter products can be a starting point, but it's recommended to consult a dermatologist for proper diagnosis and treatment recommendations. Professional guidance ensures safer and more effective results.


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About Author

Dr. Nisha Sharma

Studied at Red Roses Sr. Sec. School, D-Block, Arya Samaj Mandir; she has established herself into a renowned personality. She received her degrees (both BDS and MDS) in dentistry. She received her fellowship at the Pierre Fauchard Academy (FPFA). She has also received her certifications for full mouth rehabilitation and cosmetic dentistry. Currently, she practices her medicine of dentistry at Dr. Chopra Dental Clinic in Ramesh Nagar, Delhi.

Comments ( 1)

  • Mansi

    Thanks for the valuable information.

    2023-01-05 00:00:00

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