Microdermabrasion: Symptoms, Treatment and Machine

Microdermabrasion: Symptoms, Treatment and Machine

  • 2023-08-26
  • microdermabrasion, microdermabrasion treatment, microdermabrasion machine

Microdermabrasion is a popular skincare treatment that has gained significant attention for its ability to rejuvenate and enhance the appearance of the skin. This non-invasive procedure has become a go-to choice for individuals seeking smoother, brighter, and more youthful-looking skin. In this comprehensive guide, we will delve into the world of microdermabrasion, exploring what it is, how it works, potential symptoms, microdermabrasion machines, risks, precautions, and considerations associated with the treatment.

Table Of Content

  1. What is Microdermabrasion?
  2. Microdermabrasion Treatment
  3. Before and After Microdermabrasion
  4. Microdermabrasion Machine
  5. Symptoms of Microdermabrasion
  6. Benefits of Microdermabrasion
  7. Risks and Considerations
  8. Precautions
  9. Frequently Asked Questions (Microdermabrasion)

What is Microdermabrasion?

Microdermabrasion is a cosmetic procedure designed to exfoliate the skin's outermost layer, revealing fresher, more youthful skin underneath. The treatment involves using a handheld device to spray fine crystals or use a diamond-tipped wand to gently remove dead skin cells, debris, and impurities from the skin's surface. This process not only promotes cell turnover but also stimulates collagen production, leading to improved skin texture and tone.

Microdermabrasion Treatment

Microdermabrasion treatments are typically performed by licensed skincare professionals, such as dermatologists or trained estheticians. During the procedure, patients may experience a mild scratching or vibrating sensation as the device exfoliates the skin. The treatment can be customized based on the patient's skin type and concerns, allowing for targeted improvements in areas such as fine lines, acne scars, sun damage, and uneven skin tone. Following the treatment, patients may experience mild redness, similar to a sunburn, which usually subsides within a day.

Before and After Microdermabrasion

Before undergoing a microdermabrasion treatment, individuals should consult a dermatologist to determine if they are suitable candidates. The procedure is known for its effectiveness in reducing the appearance of fine lines, wrinkles, sun damage, acne scars, and uneven skin tone. After a session, patients often notice an immediate improvement in skin texture and a radiant glow. Typically, for the best and enduring outcomes, a series of sessions is generally advised.

Microdermabrasion Machine

Microdermabrasion machines are the key tools used in performing the treatment. These microdermabrasion machines come in two main types: crystal-based and diamond-tipped. Crystal-based microdermabrasion machines use a stream of fine crystals (such as aluminum oxide) to exfoliate the skin, while diamond-tipped microdermabrasion machines employ a diamond-covered wand to manually exfoliate the skin's surface. Both types work to achieve the same goal of removing dead skin cells and stimulating skin rejuvenation.

Symptoms of Microdermabrasion

After a microdermabrasion treatment, patients might experience mild symptoms such as redness, sensitivity, and a sensation similar to sunburn. However, these symptoms are usually temporary and subside within a day or so. In some cases, individuals with sensitive skin may notice slight bruising or swelling, but these effects are typically mild and short-lived. It's essential to follow post-treatment instructions provided by the skincare professional to ensure proper healing and minimize any potential discomfort.

Benefits of Microdermabrasion

1. Improved Skin Texture and Tone:
Microdermabrasion effectively removes dead skin cells and promotes cellular turnover, resulting in smoother and more even skin texture. By addressing rough patches, fine lines, and uneven pigmentation, the procedure helps achieve a youthful and radiant complexion.

2. Reduction of Fine Lines and Wrinkles:
Through the stimulation of collagen production, microdermabrasion can aid in minimizing the appearance of fine lines and wrinkles. The increased collagen levels contribute to improved skin elasticity and firmness, resulting in a more youthful overall look.

3. Minimized Pore Size:
Enlarged pores can be a concern for many individuals, leading to an uneven skin surface. Microdermabrasion helps unclog and refine pores, making them appear smaller and less noticeable.

4. Fading of Minor Scarring and Blemishes:
Microdermabrasion can effectively diminish the appearance of mild acne scars and superficial blemishes. By exfoliating the damaged outer layer, the treatment encourages the growth of healthier skin cells, gradually reducing the visibility of imperfections.

5. Enhanced Absorption of Skincare Products:
After microdermabrasion, the skin's exfoliated surface is better primed to absorb skincare products. This means that moisturizers, serums, and other topical treatments can penetrate more deeply and effectively, maximizing their benefits.

6. Radiant and Youthful Glow:
One of the most immediate and noticeable effects of microdermabrasion is the radiant glow it imparts to the skin. By removing dull and lifeless skin cells, the treatment reveals the fresh, healthy skin beneath, leading to a brighter complexion.

7. Non-Invasive and Minimal Downtime:
Microdermabrasion is a non-surgical procedure with minimal downtime. Unlike more invasive treatments, it allows individuals to resume their daily activities shortly after the session, making it a convenient option for those with busy lifestyles.

8. Suitable for Various Skin Types:
Microdermabrasion is generally safe for various skin types and tones. It is a versatile treatment that can be tailored to individual skin concerns, making it accessible to a wide range of people.

Risks and Considerations

Microdermabrasion is generally considered safe for most individuals when performed by trained professionals. However, like any cosmetic procedure, it's crucial to be aware of potential risks. People with certain skin conditions like eczema, rosacea, or active acne may not be suitable candidates for microdermabrasion, as the procedure could exacerbate their conditions. Additionally, there's a slight risk of infection if proper hygiene and aftercare instructions are not followed. To mitigate these risks, it's essential to choose a reputable and experienced practitioner and disclose any existing skin conditions before undergoing treatment.


To ensure the best possible outcome and minimize any potential risks, there are several precautions to consider before and after microdermabrasion:

Sun Protection: The treated skin becomes more sensitive to the sun, so wearing sunscreen with adequate SPF is essential to prevent sunburn and protect the newly revealed skin.

Avoid Harsh Products: Post-treatment, it's best to avoid using harsh skincare products like retinoids or acids that might cause further irritation.

Hydration: Keeping the skin well-hydrated helps with the healing process and maintains the skin's natural moisture barrier.

Avoid Touching and Picking: It's crucial to resist the urge to touch, pick, or scratch the treated skin to prevent infection and promote proper healing.

Follow Professional Advice: Listen to your skincare professional's advice on post-treatment care, including cleansing routines and any recommended products.

In conclusion, microdermabrasion is a versatile and effective skincare treatment that offers numerous benefits, from exfoliating the skin to promoting collagen production. While generally safe, it's important to weigh the potential risks and benefits before undergoing the procedure. By choosing a reputable practitioner, following post-treatment instructions, and taking proper precautions, you can enjoy the radiant and revitalized skin that microdermabrasion can provide. Always consult with a skincare professional to determine if microdermabrasion is the right choice for your individual skin needs and goals.

Frequently Asked Questions (Microdermabrasion)

Q. What is microdermabrasion?
A. Microdermabrasion is a non-invasive cosmetic procedure that involves exfoliating the outer layer of skin using specialized equipment, such as crystals or diamond-tipped wands. This process helps improve skin texture, reduce imperfections, and promote a more radiant complexion.

Q. Is microdermabrasion suitable for all skin types?
A. Microdermabrasion is generally safe for most skin types. However, individuals with certain skin conditions, such as active acne, rosacea, or eczema, should consult a dermatologist before undergoing the procedure to ensure its suitability.

Q. How long does a microdermabrasion treatment session take?
A. A typical microdermabrasion treatment session can last anywhere from 30 to 60 minutes, depending on the treatment area and the specific device used. It is often referred to as a "lunchtime procedure" because of its minimal downtime.

Q. What are the benefits of microdermabrasion treatment?
A. Microdermabrasion offers several benefits, including improved skin texture, reduced appearance of fine lines and wrinkles, minimized pore size, and a more radiant complexion. It can also enhance the absorption of skincare products and fade minor scars and blemishes.

Q. Is the microdermabrasion procedure painful?
A. Microdermabrasion is not typically painful. Most individuals experience a mild scratching sensation during the treatment, similar to a deep exfoliation. However, discomfort is minimal, and no anesthesia is required.

Q. What is a microdermabrasion machine?
A. A microdermabrasion machine is a specialized device used in cosmetic treatments to exfoliate the outer layer of the skin. It employs various methods, such as crystals or diamond-tipped wands, to remove dead skin cells and impurities, revealing smoother and rejuvenated skin.

Q. Can I use a microdermabrasion machine at home?
A. Yes, there are microdermabrasion machines designed for home use. However, it's essential to follow the instructions carefully and avoid excessive pressure to prevent skin damage. Professional treatments performed by trained aestheticians or dermatologists are recommended for more controlled and effective results.

Q. Are there any risks or side effects of using a microdermabrasion machine?
A. When used correctly, microdermabrasion machines are safe. However, overuse or excessive pressure can lead to skin irritation, redness, or even minor abrasions. It's crucial to follow the instructions and start with lower settings, especially if you're new to the treatment.

Q. Is there anyone who should avoid microdermabrasion?
A. Individuals with certain skin conditions, such as severe acne, open wounds, or active infections, should avoid microdermabrasion until their skin has healed. Pregnant individuals and those with autoimmune disorders should consult a healthcare professional before undergoing the procedure.

Q. How should I prepare for a microdermabrasion treatment?
A. Before the treatment, it's advisable to avoid sun exposure and discontinue the use of certain skincare products like retinoids or alpha hydroxy acids. Cleansing the skin thoroughly before the session is also recommended.

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About Author

Dr. Aayush Mittal

Studied at Govt. Sr. Sec. School, he has established himself into a renowned personality after becoming an experienced dentist and cosmetic implantologist. He received his bachelors in BDS from Dr Vasantrao Pawar Medical College, Nashik. After receiving the bachelors, he became the resident doctor at Sardar Patel Medical College and PBM Hospital, Bikaner Rajasthan, India. After that, he received his fellowship from the USA and specialty, i.e, MDS from Jaipur National University Institute For Medical Sciences & Research Centre, 302017

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